The word “hologram” refers to the imprint of spatial gratings on a film, not the image itself. The gratings are produced by the interference patterns of a laser beam **separated** into two coherent beams, a “signal beam”, **projected** onto an object from outside of the object (and reflected onto the film) and a reference beam, projected directly onto the holographic film. The interference patterns between the two beams are recorded as gratings or fringes on the film. In order to form a holographic image, a reconstruction beam must illuminate the film and be **reflected** off of the gratings to form a similar pair of beams to those that formed the gratings. These reflections then become **reintegrated** in space, forming local “constructive” and “destructive” interference patterns at every point in space thereby reforming the original patterns as they reflected off of the object.

This is a fairly involved process. So the idea that the universe is a “holographic image” from a hologram written on the surface of a black hole somewhere out in space or on the surface of the expanding universe seems ridiculous. In fact, some people (namely Jim Baggott in his book “Farewell to Reality, How Modern Physics Has Betrayed the Search for Scientific Truth” (Baggott 2013)) consider it “fairy tale physics” or a new version of the “creation hypothesis” that comes with unanswerable questions. Where did the information come from? Who or what set up the objects, recorded the images and continuously performs the process of projecting the images in real time?

The answer, discussed philosophically in this paper with just a little bit of math, and proposed in terms of physics here, is that the holographic nature of reality is possible because the spatial gratings are not on the surface of a black hole out in space but rather they are spatial frequencies that are transformed into local gratings by relative motion. In essence, “energy” – our regular 3-D space – is both the holographic media and the holographic image. Rather than being created in an instant of time (in the “beginning” or “big bang”) or written on a black hole or anything else “out there”, the process happens at every point in the universe – the field of motion (energy) that appears to be separated into space and time. In reality, it is not separated so the process forms Plank-scale holographic fringes in space and the “fringes” are quantum bit points. The infinitesimal sphere (represented as a circle projected in the space-time diagram) surrounding these points, called the “event reference” defining “here” and “now”, forms the patterns of energy in space for the holographic image itself.

Here’s how…

Relative motion is a form of energy, (energy as a whole is a unitary concept), and it is ubiquitous. And we understand that energy as a whole is conserved (it can neither be created nor destroyed, but only changed in form). Physical matter is one form of energy and motion is another. The transformation, or morphing, of motion into matter is the same process described above that makes the hologram:

1) separation, 2) projection, 3) reflection, and 4) reunification.

This is represented by the circle in the figure below. Notice the tiny arrows on each side of the circle that show the direction from separation and back around to reunification.

The cycle represents the process, which only requires two dimensions to hold and display its progression. But the result or “product” of the process (the holographic projection) requires a third dimension, as shown in the next figure, because it “transcends” the two, individual components (projection and reflection). So the projected 3-D holographic image is able to show all of the information that was “hidden” in the two dimensions, which represent the two “beams” that produced it. The individual beams are both signals in the same sense that a radio beam is a signal. It is modulated with information and must be demodulated by a radio receiver. In this case, the three-dimensional sphere represents the demodulated image. This is also analogous to a 2-D radiographic image that “contains information” about the anatomy, collapsed or modulated into the film in the form of optical density. A CT scanner has to take at least two images from different perspectives and apply mathematical transform functions, like Fourier transforms for those who know the math, in order to “reconstruct” anatomical position information. But for a hologram, this demodulation and reconstruction happens naturally (automatically).

The mind does the same thing when energy is perceived in the form of vibrations (which can be represented as 2-D: space vs time). It back-projects the information into individual events (qbits), collapsed or modulated in every cell of the body as DNA. The collection of events form a memory bank and serves as the holographic fringes in the body. As the body grows physical senses the mind grows mental senses (the mind’s eye) that *allows* the transform functions to naturally project holographic images, which take the shape of something that has meaning. In other words, it *makes sense* out of images and that sense adds to the growth of the mind’s eye so it can be seen more clearly the next time it is viewed.In a CT machine, the transform-functions had to be discovered by mathematicians and entered by programmers. But the mind is part of the process itself, which in its very essence is a harmonic, auto-feedback oscillator. So it is its own feedback system and involves both the physical and mental models as two parts of a whole process. There is something called *psychophysical parallelism*, which states that “the chains of physical and of mental events run side by side, *in some way corresponding to each other*, but without mutual interference.” (von Bertalanffy, 1964) The holographic model explains the way they correspond to each other. How does this compare to the current consensus model of physics? The first step in the holomorphic process is to separate motion into two *apparently* different yet coherent forms as a unit of space and a unit of time. According to the current model of physics the “spacetime continuum” is framed as a 4-dimensional tensor. The framework is based on the difference between space and time but then space is treated as 3-D and time as 1-D. Mathematically there is nothing wrong with that. But it is not necessary and creates a dichotomy. It assumes that time is, in fact, an independent and very different kind of phenomenon, and it forces interpretations of reality that are warped, pinched, twisted and folded (like a long skinny balloon that clowns used to make figures).Instead, I use the space-time-motion diagram, i.e. just space versus time with motion as the third, tangent dimension to space as a whole (so that’s 1 dimension) and time. Motion is “the real thing,” the form of energy that is conformally projected onto the space-time “plane”. But you have to understand space and time to be just two different ways of scaling motion, time being the denominator that we normally use as an “independent variable” that quantizes motion – collapsing it into for example one revolution of a clock, and space the “dependent variable.” In my approach, I use space and time as unitless quantities so that the speed of light is also unitless. This is not new, in fact, in Quantum Field Theory,”it is customary to choose units so that c=1 and h(bar)=1. We can always do this because the definition [of these constants] depends on certain conventions that grew historically in our understanding of nature. Imposing c=1 for example, means that seconds and centimeters are treated on the same footing, such that 299,792,458 meters is equivalent to 1 second. Thus the second and the centimeter are treated as if they are expressions of the same unit.” (Kaku 1993) My approach is exactly that, treating space and time as if they are expressions of the same unit, i.e energy. With that, I approach the concept of spacetime a little differently as well. We perceive a unit of mass as being constant (in size) so a common way to visualize curved spacetime is to imagine a sphere sitting on a 2-D “fabric of spacetime” that curves continuously “down” toward mass like a funnel. So gravity is seen as the effect of mass “falling” down into the “funnel”. My approach provides the same result (gravity) but I use a different reference and come up with a bitwise process rather than a continuous curve. I use the two forms of quantum energy expressed as a phasor (phase vector) pair in terms of temporal frequency (E=hf) and spatial frequency (E=hc/λ) as shown below. By superimposing the quantum phasors (scaled as the inverse domain, i.e. 1/space and 1/time) on a relativistic space-time background, I illustrate how the two perspectives (phasor and vector) diverge with motion, causing one phasor to rotate to the left and one to the right, and the relativistic vector to extend outward as a conformal projection, appearing to be magnified by the Lorentz factor. Since relative motion is ubiquitous, the phasors become misaligned with the vector (their slopes) and the misalignment of represents a phase difference between the two perspectives of the same energy, giving rise to the curvature of space. But then, because time is treated as a measure of motion, the reference point on the time axis (the infinitesimal circle at the origin of the plot) also expands and the base of the vector moves to the right on the time axis (forward in time).

At a critical point, which should correlate to the end of one holomorphic cycle, called holomorphosis, the slope of the vector and the slope of the phasor are equal (which happens to be equal to the Golden Ratio as shown in the figure below), so to an observer, the two look identical to each other but slightly rotated with respect to the original. Rotating the reference frame to line the vector back up with the diagonal (where the speed of light is constant) results in what appears as spin. The same process happens simultaneously with the other phasor, rotating to the right. The reference point on the space axis (the infinitesimal circle at the origin of the plot) also expands and the base of the vector moves up on the space axis (outward in space).

In effect, the fabric of spacetime expanded slightly and then collapsed, pulling the surrounding field (3-D fabric of spacetime) toward the center of the quantum particle. When you look at it like this, every quantum particle is the same as a black hole with a Planck-sized event horizon. Any disturbance in the surrounding field is also pulled toward the center with every event. The event horizon then serves as the boundary between past and future – the inner and outer domains – so any disturbance in the surrounding field *Fourier-transforms* into bits of information and is effectively stored in “inner space” – the quantum domain, as a reflection of “outer space” and as the gratings required for the formation of a holographic image.